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2012年GCT考试单科精练:英语篇

来源:在职研之家【中国在职研究生招生网】发布时间:2012-09-20


  1. If Delia ___________ so much work to do, she would have taken her friend out to dinner.

  A. should not have B. had not had

  C. would not have D. would not have had
 

  2. We didn’t know his telephone number, otherwise we ____________ him.

  A. had telephoned B. must have telephoned

  C. would telephone D. would have telephoned
 

  3. In the past, men generally preferred that their wives ____________ in the home.

  A. worked B. work

  C. would work D. were working
 

  4. America will never again have as a nation the spirit of adventure as it ___________ before the West was settled.

  A. could B. was C. would D. did
 

  5. I wish that Henry___________ interested in reading good books.

  A. will be B. is C. would D. were
 

  1.【答案】B

  【解析】此句考查的是虚拟语气的用法。根据虚拟条件句谓语动词和虚拟主句谓语动词的搭配原则:从句使用过去完成时,主句使用”would+完成时”,表示对过去事实的虚拟,可见A项、C项和D项均不符合该原则,只有B项符合该原则,为正确答案。
 

  2.【答案】D

  【解析】英语中虚拟语气的假设情况一般用条件句来表示,例如:If I hadn’t taken your advice,I would have made a serious mistake.我要不是听了你的劝告就会犯大错了。但有时这种假设情况并不以条件句表示出来,而是通过一个介词短语或一个词来表示,例如:We would have done better under favorable conditions.在更有利的条件下我们还可以做得更好。He would have given you more help,but he has been so busy.他本来要多给你一些帮助的,可是他太忙了。I was ill that day.Otherwise I would have attended the meeting.那天我病了,要不然就去开会了。本句就是后一种用法,otherwise实际上引出的就是与过去事实相反的假设条件。相当于If we had known his telephone number,因此主句的谓语部分应用”would(could)+have done”,故只有D项是正确答案。
 

  3.【答案】B

  【解析】prefer意为”宁愿”,后跟宾语从句时,从句谓语动词要用虚拟语气,构成形式为”should+动词原形”,should可以省略,例如:We prefer that the plan (should) be fully discussed before being put into execution.我们希望先充分讨论一下这个计划,然后再去实施。因此,只有B项符合语法和题意。
 

  4.【答案】D

  【解析】as作为连词,引导方式状语从句。其意为”像……一样”。根据平行结构原则,从句中应填人实义动词had (有)。为了避免重复,用助动词did代替had,因此D项did正确。例如:Study as Lenin did(did用来代替studied).像列宁那样学习。He writes as hls teacher does (does用来代替writes).他像他的老师那样写字。
 

  5.【答案】D

  【解析】wish可以用来表达一种愿望,希望事物与其现状不一样,后接宾语从句要用虚拟语气,即从句使用一般过去时,表示对现在的虚拟;从句使用过去完成时,表示对过去的虚拟;从句使用”would(should)+动词原形”,表示一种比较委婉、比较客气的请求,因此A项和B项应当排除。又因为interested是形容词,不能直接跟在情态动词would后面,因此C项也错误。由此可见只有D项最合题意。例如:I wish I were 10 years younger。我要是年轻10岁就好了。
 

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